Fresneda&Zamora | 西班牙Indira Gandhi 公立学校
Indira Gandhi 公立学校位于西班牙马拉加,该项目从一开始就受到地形和地势的明显制约,但设计团队将这些限制缺点转化为了它的优点。除了严格的设计标准要求外,还需要一些空间用途,如礼宾、公共空间或家长会区。该建筑需要与主要道路连接,产生最大可能的面积。这就解释了建筑U形的形态的原因。建筑位于该地块目前唯一的入口附近,在顶部紧凑的体积中发展整个教育项目,将其余的土地留给户外空间。
The project is clearly conditioned from the beginning by the topography and morphology of the plot and arises from the transformation of those limits in its virtue.In addition to the strict design standards,some uses are required,such as the concierge,common spaces or the Parent-Student Association.The building needs to be attached to the only point of contact with the main road with the maximum possible area.That explains the morphology in "U" form.The building is implanted next to the only current access of the plot,developing the entire educational program in a compact volume at the top,leaving the rest of the land for outdoor spaces.
In addition,the strong slope of the street is used to make entries at different levels for children and primary,simplifying the internal flows of the school and facilitating the collection of children abroad.The difference in the height of the access road at the two ends of the plot is thus crucial for the design.
This premise is also used to establish other differentiated accesses to the educational center,such as road access for supply vehicles and parking,located at the lower end of the street.Approximately in the center of the facade line of the plot is the general access to the center,assuming for practical purposes the absence of ground and first floor,but two levels of autonomous access and clearly differentiated.
In the lower level,the educational level of children is first developed,with a porch that connects directly with the common spaces.The classrooms for children are equipped with their corresponding external classrooms and their playgrounds,completely separated from other uses.
In the central zone,with independent access from the infantile educational level and from the one of primary,the dining room is raised,with the kitchen and the facilities of the building,located in depression with respect to the street,but with a direct rolled access for supplies.In the central part of the road there is general access to the center,with the administration area and most of the primary level of education.
The design seeks the creation of a compact,austere,forceful and recognizable building.The result is a volume that adapts generously to the existing topography and is structured in a clear way both in volume and in the differentiation of uses.
From the constructive point of view,this type of buildings is characterized by austere materiality and constructive simplicity,so that the plastic component in this case is based on the use of white concrete brick.
∇ 平面图 plans
项目名称：Indira Gandhi Public School
设计公司：Fresneda & Zamora Arquitectura